This is the grammar of Kala, a personal constructed language based on aesthetic preferences and a desire to understand more deeply the linguistic and cognitive process. The name of the language is taken from the Arabic verb [takallama] meaning “to talk, to have a discussion or conversation”. This description of Kala is meant to be simultaneously simple and thorough as to engage the linguistically inclined yet be accessible to those less so.
There are three basic parts of speech in Kala: noun, verb, and particle (nouns and verbs can be grouped as content words, and particles as function words). The phonemic inventory is based on Classical Nahuatl while the syllable structure and vowels are based on the strict (C)V structure of Japanese, and the presence of prenasalized stops is influenced by Bantu languages.
This grammar is not an exhaustive explanation of Kala, but should serve the reader with the ability to converse and understand basic phrases.
Kala borrows extensively from various natural languages. This is a very small sample of borrowings:
- kala – to speak, talk, converse; from Arabic [takallama]
- na – I, me; from Arabic [ʾanā]
- pato – duck (Anatidae); from Spanish [pato]
- tsenka – orange; from Chinese [chéng]
- uasi – to take, get, acquire; from Lakota [wasichu]
- myonta – to allow, permit; from Finnish [myöntää]
- a – to be, exist, yes; from Japanese [aru]
For the time being, the only online description of Kala grammar is here.