Kala Phrase

naha nya puna ke asa tomonko
river for land O life provide-CONT
“Rivers give life to the land.”



A single decision
made without precision

will change the day
in the most egregious way

make use of the voice
create the choice

Kala Phrase

nam mue pana ke mauam anyapak
1pl without rain O flower-PL see-ABIL-NEG
We cannot see the flowers without rain.

Kala Phrase

uye nankua nalo
sometimes 1pl.INCL smile
We all smile sometimes.

Kala Phrase

kuama sama emyatli
always sun happen-FUT
The sun always rises.

Moya Calligraphy

A stylized tanka (“hawk; eagle”) in the traditional Moya.

The syllable sequence “s-(m)p-“

sapa – boot; footwear; shoe
sapo – light; easy; gentle; soft [not heavy]
sepa – injury; wound; hurt; wound; injure
sepu – mill; grain mill; millstone
sempo – abacus; plan; scheme
sipa – do harm to; cause trouble
sipi – acne; pimple; zit; wart
sipo – be fat; lard; grease
simpa – be anxious; neurosis; anxiety
simpu – clam; mussel; oyster
sopa – balcony; patio; terrace
supa – prescription; recipe; formula; cookbook
supye – butter; cream; extract
suepa – blister; bleb [watery blister]

The number of minimal pairs in Kala is high, due to the strict syllable structure and typical lemma being made-up of a CVCV root. I’ve tried to relate a few of these and others I have endeavored to keep from seeming related at all. This makes for some nice tongue twisters and some difficult semantics, but it is a feature that I enjoy.