Lexical Change

I have made a notable change to the lexicon of Kala. ma’ak is no longer used for the meaning “without; lacking”, or as an abbesive preposition, it is from now on to be mue /mʷe/.


ha ma’ak mukuha a
3s without blade-AUG COP
She is without a sword.


ha mue mukuha a
3s without blade-AUG COP
She is without a sword.

This change was brought about by grammatical necessity as I am continuing to write/edit the full Kala grammar to be released later this year.


A bird in the hand…

A few lexical changes…The word for “bird” was tsikua, and had onomatopoeic qualities that I did not like. I borrowed it from Cherokee tsisqua and it was a nice word. Recently, however, during composition of various translations I have grown to dislike it and its ambiguity. I changed it to kuatsi (just reversing the syllables) for a few days until I realized that wasn’t quite going to work either, so, I went back to the drawing board and decided that I would have three terms, one general term for any “endothermic vertebrate, characterized by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs.” Then I thought it would add flavor and perhaps nuance to have to separate words for birds that fly, and flightless birds.

So, the general term for avian animals is otla, taken from: tototl, flightless birds, such as ostriches, penguins, etc. are referred to as peti, taken from: 3pd, and any bird that flies is referred to as a kusa, taken from: kuş.

These selections are purely aesthetical and meant to add depth to the semantic spectrum within Kala, however, if anyone has any suggestions about how this might impact translations or lexica, please let me know.

Lexember 13th

pinto – to swallow it whole; to act without thinking (idiom)

Taken from Chinese 平吞

na ke ha’etla pinto anyaye
1sg O 3sg-P.4sg swallow.whole see-PST
I saw her swallow it whole.

Kala phrase

A quote from last night’s Hannibal season premier:

na ke tono tayo unyaue uama itlakua eta emya
“I’m just fascinated to know how you’ll feel when all of this happens to you…”

Kala word: yaso

yaso /ja.so/
ready; (be) prepare(d)

-sue /ʃʷe/ is derived from yaso and is used to modify nouns and other verbs

Example sentences:
다 이나슈 가
ta inasue ka
2SG eat-PREP Q
Are you ready to eat?

갸 거 으마로 야소
kya (ke) umalo yaso
IMP (O) horse-PL prepare
Prepare the horses!

(The object particle ke can be dropped in commands.)