I have worked out a “long count” calendar for Kala that I call 사요마하 sayomaha (big calendar). Each year is given a totem just as days on the 사요마 sayoma.

19 days is collectively referred to as a 사요 sayo (month), 19 sayo are referred to as a 아뇨 anyo (year), 19 anyo are referred to as a 사뇨 sanyo (19 years; generation, era), 19 sanyo are referred to as a 유뱌 uepya (361 years; age), 19 uepya are referred to as a 자아티 tsa’atli (6859 years; epoch).

I chose to begin my “long count” at 3500 BCE, as that is generally accepted as the “proto-literate period” of Mesopotamia, followed closely by the independent development of writing in Mesoamerica some four centuries later.

Using the 19 totems listed on the sayoma, each period and subperiod is labeled. Therefore, Troy was founded in approximately (3000 BCE) kaya te mina te tlatsa, or “earth year of south era of fire age”. Other examples are listed below:

The Hồng Bàng dynasty was founded in honu te honu te tlatsa, or “turtle year of turtle era of fire age” (2897 BCE)

Tea was, according to legend, created in China around kaya te kita te kuatla, or “earth year of north era of snake age” (2373 BCE)

Egtved Girl was buried in what is now Denmark, in around kita te timu te kuya, or “north year of east era of green age” (1370 BCE)

Ramesses II begins his reign of Egypt in timu te kita te kaya, or “east year of north era of earth age” (1279 BCE)

Constantine became ruler of East and West Rome in kuya te honu te nila, or “green year of turtle era of blue age” (324 CE)

William the Conqueror began his reign as the first Norman King of England in kaya te pana te nisi, or “earth year of rain era of west age” (1066 CE)

Christopher Columbus’ expedition makes landfall in the Caribbean in pana te timu te honu, or “rain year of east era of turtle age” (1492 CE)

The Continental Congress ratifies the declaration by the United States of its independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain in honu te honu te pana, or “turtle year of turtle era of rain age” (1776 CE)

World War I began in tanka te tlatsa te yana, or “eagle year of fire era of yellow age” (1914 CE)

The 45th President of the United States was inaugurated in mina te mina te yana, or “south year of south era of yellow age” (2017 CE)

The first tsa’atli (epoch) (called the tsa’atli ketla or “red epoch”) began in 3500 BCE, as stated above, and does not end until 3320 CE.

A link to a chart is included for those that may want it.

Kala Phrase

아여 나 다라 마 아냐 마 마즈
aye na tala ma anya ma matsu
/aːje na taːla ma aːɲa ma maːt͡ʃu/
PST 1s come and see and triumph
I came, I saw, I conquered. = Veni, vidi, vici

Star Trek Discovery vs The Orville

This is the new Star Trek Discovery trailer. And as exciting as it is, I’m uneasy about much of the aesthetic choices, most especially the Klingons. Yes, I know the Klingons have changed a few times, but never this drastically, or for seemingly just the heck of it. Some will point out that when he had the money, Roddenberry changed the look of several aliens…well, yes, he did, but he did it to what we know from the ’80s and ’90s, not this new version. I’m not trying to make the case that new aliens and a modern aesthetic are contrary to good storytelling, that judgment will need to wait until the show actually airs. However, what many fans have come to expect from Trek is a certain level of consistency, and this seems to disregard consistency for what I can only assume is renewed interest.

Keeping in mind that this show will air only its pilot on network television, and then reside behind a paywall, CBS is banking on serious interest that this trailer only barely stirs, at least in someone that has watched Star Trek most of his life. I hope that the show will have success, but given the issues they’ve had with the roll-out, delays, budget and personnel, I fear this show may be shorter lived than Enterprise was.

Meanwhile, this is the trailer for a new show on Fox, starring Seth MacFarlane, creator of Family Guy, American Dad, and so much more. This show looks to be a lighter look at the future and space exploration, almost refreshing given the numerous dystopian themes running through much of network and cable television. This seems like a bit of a coup for Fox as “The Orville” looks more like Trek than the new Trek. It also, by using humor, might have an edge over a show that seems like it might be focusing a bit to much on the drama of space travel…and doing so in horrible stylistic contrast to its predecessors.

I will admit that I am looking forward to both of these shows, but there is reason to bet on the latter having more success than the former if nothing else but because people might want a healthy dose of funny and interesting rather than space battles galore plus drama. The current political climate might just be the thing that sets the shows against each other.

Kala Idiom

나 규 오조 이냐
na kue otso inya
/na kʷɛ oːt͡ʃo iːɲa/
1s as wolf hunger
I hunger like a wolf. = I’m starving/very hungry

Over the next few weeks I plan on exploring idioms on this page and how to express them (or, how I would) in Kala.

Kala Idiom

디마 거 냐바 디누하
tima ke nyapa tinuaha
/tiːma kɛ ɲaːpa tinʷaːha/
blood O wine be.strong-AUG
Blood is stronger than wine. = blood is thicker than water

This means that relationships of family are stronger than those made in friendship, or more specifically over a glass of wine.

Over the next few weeks I plan on exploring idioms on this page and how to express them (or, how I would) in Kala.

Current Political News

Not that anyone asked, but my feelings about the current political happenings in the USA can easily be summarized by the following image:

Whatever may happen in the short or long term, rest assured the period following January 20th, 2017 (’til whenever) will long be discussed and written about as one of the must tumultuous in domestic American politics.

Color Flower

I saw this while looking for a color wheel to better define and explain Kala colors. The conlanger in me couldn’t resist labeling the colors, while the novice artist in me couldn’t help but appreciate this for its simple beauty.