Kala Swadesh List

The Swadesh List is a comparitive vocabulary tool.

I – na
you (singular) – ta
he – ha
we – nam / we “exclusive” – na’am
you (plural) – tam
they – kam
this – itla
that – uatla >> yetla
here – hina
there – uana >> yemua
who – ko
what – ke
where – mo
when – ama
how – to
not – nke / ak
all – kua
many – mpa
some – ula / -la
few – mi
other – ua
one – na’o
two – ta’o
three – ha’o
four – ma’o
five – ya’o
big – taha / -ha
long – kiha
wide – mpana
thick – atsu
heavy – suala
small – ahi / -hi
short – nkanu
narrow – enka
thin – enka
woman – naka
man (adult male) – tlaka
man (human being) – tlana
child – ntahi
wife – naya
husband – taya
mother – ona
father – ota
animal – haya
fish – uatsi
bird – tsikua
dog – mita
louse – uese
snake – kuatla
worm – tsunka
tree – ito
forest – moli
stick – palo
fruit – punka
seed – nyotlo
leaf – siue
root – kisua
bark (of a tree) – pa’u
flower – maua
grass – tloha
rope – naua
skin – asua
meat – kutsu
blood – tima
bone – ueso
fat (noun) – sipo
egg – pyeta
horn – ipye
tail – koli
feather – tloma
hair – senu
head – ana
ear – anu
eye – anya
nose – ampu
mouth – suha
tooth – yatsi
tongue (organ) – suha
fingernail – nehe
foot – sotla
leg – yaka
knee – nema
hand – yato
wing – ala
belly – petso
guts – uata
neck – myeka
back – muta
breast – mune
heart – moyo
liver – ate
to drink – inu
to eat – ina
to bite – yatsi
to suck – anta
to spit – tsupa
to vomit – haku
to blow – samya
to breathe – anta
to laugh – nalo
to see – anya
to hear – anu
to know – unya
to think – omo
to smell – ampu
to fear – kyopo
to sleep – moku
to live – asa
to die – kupa
to kill – mata
to fight – tana
to hunt – tasa
to hit – meha
to cut – tela
to split – kisa
to stab – punya
to scratch – epye
to dig – holo
to swim – yoko
to fly – ila
to walk – yala
to come – tala
to lie (as in a bed) – tlomya
to sit – sima
to stand – tatsi
to turn (intransitive) – mpale
to fall – tipua
to give – yeta
to hold – hoso
to squeeze – kusu
to rub – satsu
to wash – tlela
to wipe – potsa
to pull – tseka
to push – kusu
to throw – hita
to tie – tlipi
to sew – suama
to count – yomu
to say – kala
to sing – apua
to play – yoti
to float – koho
to flow – konto
to freeze – yelo
to swell – pasua
sun – sama
moon – kunye
star – sama
water – maya
rain – pana
river – naha
lake – tsiua
sea – muana
salt – asi
stone – kono
sand – hyeka
dust – puna
earth – kaya
cloud – nyepa
fog – kohu
sky – heua
wind – yasa
snow – nyahi
ice – yelo
smoke – tsoma
fire – tlatsa
ash – hamu
to burn – tlatsa
road – misa
mountain – yama
red – ketla
green – kuya
yellow – yana
white – nyahi
black – oya
night – yohua
day – yoma
year – anyo
warm – sitsa
cold – manka
full – yeno
new – pako
old – hikya
good – tama
bad – mala
rotten – puka
dirty – apya-k
straight – nato
round – kena
sharp (as a knife) – seka
dull (as a knife) – nipue
smooth – seka
wet – saua
dry – seka
correct – sahya
near – ya’e
far – moha
right – yomo
left – yoso
at – ka’e / -hue
in – nahe
with – ma’a
and – ma
if – iya / yatli
because – nye
name – ata

One thought on “Kala Swadesh List

  1. Pingback: Kala Swadesh List | Football Bats

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