Kala Thematic Wordlist

Pronouns

na – I; me [1SG]
ta – you [2SG]
ha – she; he [3SG]
tla – it [4SG]

kam – they [3PL]
na’am – we [1PL.EXCL]

itla [i-] – this [PROX]
uatla [ua-] – that [MED]
yetla [ye-] – that [DIST]

Family

ntaha – ancestor; elder
nta’i – baby; infant
ntaya – spouse
tlika – clan; family; kin
tsonta – teenager
ntaku [-ku] – sibling
ntahi [-hi] – child; offspring
ntahue [-hue] – sibling’s child [nibling]
ntahya [-hya] – grandchild
ntaue [-ue] – cousin
nata [nta] – family member; relative
naka [na] – woman; feminine [fem]
hyanta [hya-] – grandparent
tlaka [ta] – man; masculine [masc]
tlaya [-ya] – marry; in-law; wed
onta [o-] – adult; parent
uenta [ue-] – parent’s sibling

Color

ketla – red
kinya – silver [coins]
kitsa – darkness; lack of light
kono – gray; stone [ash]
kuya – green [foliage]
malo – brown
mono – blonde; fair
nila – blue
nyahi – white [snow]
nyeli – pink; rose
nyome – beige
sahi – color; hue; shade
tsalo – clear; transparent
tsenka – orange [fruit; tree; color]
tlila – purple
akai – red
aoya – deep blue
elila – pink; rose
ola – gold
oya – black
yana – yellow

Quantity; Maths

ye’o – zero; 0
na’o – one; 1
ta’o – two; 2
ha’o – three; 3
ma’o – four; 4
ya’o – five; 5
tsa’o – six; 6
ka’o – seven; 7
pa’o – eight; 8
sa’o – nine; 9

ue’o – ten; 10
nye’o – hundred; 100
nya’o – five hundred; 500
tle’o – thousand; 1000
mue’o – ten thousand; 10^4
kye’o – hundred thousand ; 10^5
nte’o – million; 10^6
hue’o – billion; 10^9

tatli [tli-] – collective plural [COL]; group; pack
kupye [-pye] – excessive; too many/much
kua [-kua] – all; entire; every
mpa – many; much [a lot]
oli [-li] – apiece; each; every
uku – amount; digit; number
ukue – as many as; as much as
ula – any; some; which [ever]

tiha [ti-] – diverse; multi-; multiply
kuto – math; mathematic
kumpu – rational number [fraction of two integers]
mpala – odd number
maha – add; more
nyelo – extra; remainder; surplus
tsisu – coefficient; factor; modulus
tsuki [ki-] – next; order; sequence [ordinal]
ohi – less; decrease; subtract
uetli – exponent [math.]; power

Direction

timu – east
kita – north
mina – south
muele – direction; orientation
nato – straight [direction]
nisi – west
yomo – right side
yoso – left side

Time

sanya – second [of time]
punu – minute [of time]
tsima – hour; o’clock; time
yoma – day; daytime
yomua – dawn; daybreak; morning [a.m.]
yotso – midday; noon
puama – afternoon; dusk; evening [p.m.]
yohua – night; nighttime
huatso – midnight
sema – week [7 days]
sayo – calendar month
muasa – season
kueta – spring [season]
natsu – summer
aki – autumn; fall
neku – winter
anyo – year [365/366 days]
uenyo – decade; era; period
nyema – century
tlenyo – millennium
ama – time; moment; period
atli [-tli] – future; future tense [fut]
aye [-ye] – past; past tense [pst]
ima – now; present; yet

hikya – be ancient
kuaho – be short; soon [duration]
nkihua – be lengthy; be long [duration]
sayoma – calendar; date

House

pata – brick; tile
petsi – basement; cellar
poto – image; photo; picture
tanye – carpet; mat; rug
tasu – cushion; mat; pad
tenta – curtain; partition; screen
topa – bed; couch; mattress
topo – door; entrance; gate
kapu – basket; box; bucket
kahu – furniture
katsa – glass; windshield; window
kuta – fence; wall
mpula – lamp; lantern; light
maku – pillow
masi – door/window frame
mehu – vacuum
nekua – cupboard; pantry
nyalo – call; number; telephone
sala [-sa] – chamber; room; section
sile – bell; sounding of a bell as a signal
sopa – balcony; patio; terrace
suma – window
huata – shelf; stair
tsaka – domacile; home; residence
tsanye – starter button; on switch
tseme – drawer; tier; tray
tsemua – candle; illuminate; wax
tsiko – furnace; oven; stove
tsosa – chimney; fireplace
tsunku – can; jar; pot; urn
tleke – fan
tlela – bathe; clean; purify; wash
tlelo – toy; plaything
atsi [tsi-] – angle; bend; corner
enya – mirror; reflect; reflection
umye – electric[al/ity]
uapo – basin; sink
uetse – toilet; outhouse; WC
yale – door lock; key
yekua – cabinet; closet; wardrobe
yetsi – chair; seat; stool
yoka – deck; floor; story

Emotions

tono – emote; emotion; feeling
kipo – aspire; hope; wish
kyopo – afraid; fear; frighten
kyomi – interest; interested; interesting
nalo – grin; laugh; smile
nomo – be fond of; like; prefer [things]
noya – be content; happy; pleased
nuku – detest; dislike; hate
tsopo – prefer; preference
amya – be fond of; like; prefer [people]
itsa – adore; affection; love
umua – ache; pain; sorrow
yetsa – cry; tear; weep

Music

pyano – piano
kanu – stringed instrument
koto – drum; rhythm
maka – music; play ~; tune
metla – flute; sound of wind; whistle
tlapa – horn; wind instrument
apua – sing; song
uetla – an upright drum

Drinks

kaua – coffee
kisue – soda water
nkapa – alcohol; ale; beer
napya – wine
hyali – dairy; milk
hyota [-hyo] – juice
tsa’i – tea [leaves; plant]
inu – beverage; drink; liquid

Clothing

pano – cloth; textile; woven
pesa – bolt of cloth
pono – face powder
puku [-pu] – attire; clothes; wear
taki – coat; jacket; robe
kasa – bamboo; parasol; umbrella
kona – dress; skirt
kyapu – fleece; wool; woolen
kyalo – gem; jewel; precious stone
mpuli – fluff; lint [feel nervous]
menka – cotton
mitli – suit; tunic
motsi – bag; pouch; sack
mo’i – soap
muti – fad; fashion
ntoka – button; fasten; knot
ntolo – locket; medallion; pendant
nampa – blouse; shirt; vest
niye – undergarment; underwear
sapa – boot; footwear; shoe
solo – socks; stockings; tights
haka – drawers; pants; trousers
hela – comb [fine-toothed]
hola – cloth; towel; headscarf
tsesa – apron
tsosi – silk
tlipa – ascot; cravat; necktie
opi – belt; sash; strap
yole – zip; zipper

Around town

pitsu – hall; museum
pyolo – business; office
tase – consulate; embassy
tali – church; shrine; temple
tilo – railway; track; train
kato – building or house of two or more stories
kama – city; town; village
kopi – bridge; crosspiece
kotse – factory; plant; workshop
kule – keep; tower
misa – highway; road; street
nampu – fountain; spring
notli – hotel; inn; tavern
suku [-su] – market; shop; store
hakyo [-kyo] – college; school; university
hilo – plaza; public square
tsitli – farm; ranch
uanki – confine; imprison; jail
uemi – barracks; castle; fortress
yono – drama; play; theater

Shapes

pyota – cube; block; square
pyonka – parallelogram
pyo’o – multiply by itself; square
tapua – rectangle
kena – circle; circular; spherical
mu’e – rhombus
tlanke – oval; ellipse; ellipsoidal
yamu – trapezium (geometry)

Body parts

kaue – chin; jaw [look at sb]
kipa – gums; inner mouth
myeka – neck; throat; voice
nyase – eyelashes
senu – hair
suha – mouth; taste; tongue
tsila – lip; outer mouth
tsupa – saliva; spit
tlihya – beard; moustache
ampi – mucus; snot
ampu – nose; smell
ana – brain; head; mind
anu – ear; hear; listen
anya – eye; look; see
yatsi – bite; chew; tooth
yotsa – cheek; face

Physical actions

pyola – roll; rotate; spin
tapya – accompany; follow
tatsi – establish; set up; stand
tala – arrive; come [back; return
tipua – drop; fall; plummet
topu – bounce; hop; jump
moku – rest; sleep
nkoma – hoist; lift; raise
sima – recline; relax; sit
hika – halt; stop
empa – run; flee
ila – flight; fly; hover
yala [-la] – go; travel; walk
yoko – swim; wade

Mental actions

tasua – expect; presume; think [sth is likely]
taua – anticipate; expect; foresee
tohyo – choose; decide; select
toya – awareness; conscience; thinking
moto – memory; remember
sonya – dream; imagine
hata – error; mistake
haua – believe; confidence; trust
tlopa – forget; neglect; overlook
omo – consider; ponder; think
onyo – learn; practice; study
osa – know-how; savoir-faire
unya – comprehend; know; understand

Language

peta – chart; draft; map
poso – radical [glyph]
tatsu – glyph
timpa – annotate; message; note
kate – calligraphy; handwriting; penmanship
kamu – dictionary; encyclopedia; lexicon
kase – announce; report; newspaper
kaha – document; page; paper
keye – course; class; lesson
manta – logic; principle
meya – refined language; poetic genre
mosa – book; letter; scroll
myano – alliteration
ntopi – cliché; stereotype; truism
natsi – poem; poetry; verse
saha – annals; history
seya – seal; sign; stamp
soku – font; typeface; typeset
soye – index; list
suata – account; bill; debt
tsasu – cursive writing
anko – cipher; code
ete – pen; pencil; writing brush
imya – dialect; slang; vernacular
unua – address; direction for correspondence
ueno – ink; typeface
uele – abbreviate; contraction
yopi – mail; post

Climate; Weather

pakyo – storm; violent commotion
pana – rain; rainy
kahue – mirage; obscure image; shadow
kihu – climate; weather
kihua – clear; fine [weather]
kohu – fog; mist; steam
manka – chill; cold; cool
nala – illuminate; light; shine
nyepa – cloud
sitsa – heat; hot; warm
heua – air; oxygen; sky
tsuali – thunder
tloua – dew
yasa – air; wind; [news, style]
yelo – freeze; hail; ice

Tools

palo – cane; staff; walking stick
ponto – artillery; cannon
pola – shovel; spade; spatula [kitchen utensil]
tope – firearm; gun; rifle
kinto – spanner; lever [on a machine]; wrench
kompu – computer; programmable device
kyopa – match; tool to start a fire
mpano – clamp; pincers; pliers; tongs
mpali – balloon; hot air balloon
masua – pipe [smoking utensil]
mayo [-nyo] – device; equipment; tool [INSTR]
mika – clippers; scissors; shears
mitla – arrow; dart
ntane – internet; network; web
tsaha – automobile; carriage; vehicle
nyela – arrowhead
sempo – abacus; plan; scheme
hamo – fish-hook
hasi – chopsticks; eating utensils
ame – axe; hatchet
yomi – bow; weapon used for shooting arrows
netsi – helix; screw; spiral
tsu’u – cork; plug

Deictics; Demonstratives, etc.

to [-to] – manner; method; way
tok – no way
tola – anyway; however; somehow
ko [-ko / -tlo] – agentive [AG]; individual; person
kola – anyone; someone; whoever
kuama – always; at all times
mo [-mo] – location; place; where
mok – nowhere
mokua – everywhere; omnipresent; ubiquitous
mola – anywhere; somewhere; wherever
no [-n] – adverbial; object; thing [-ish; -ly; -ous]
nok – nothing
nokua – everything
nola – anything; something; whatever
hina – here; this place [by me]
tlama – anytime; sometime; whenever
tlok – no one; nobody
tlokua – everybody; everyone
amak – never
iko – this person [near me]
uako – that person [near you]
uama – then; at that time
uana – there [by you]
yeko – that person [over there]
yeme – then [DIST]
yemua – there [over there]
yoto – this way; thus

Names

kamala – Qamar; Kamaria
maliya – Maria
mikelo – Michael
nihako – Sweet One
yakopo – Jacob
yohano – John

Toponyms

pasipi – Pacific [Ocean]
palata – India
pulansa – France
kanata – Canada
kemeta – Egypt
konkoya – Congo
kuasili – Brazil
maliha – Mali
mehiko – Mexico
ntonesa – Indonesia
nihono – Japan
sipanya – Spain
silasa – Greece
sutana – Sudan
tsuhoku – China
tlakota – Lakota
tlihanya – USA
tlosiya – Russia
apuka – Africa
apuha – Afghanistan
amenya – Germany
ameyo – America
asiya – Asia
atlanti – Atlantic [Ocean]
alapo – Arab
itali – Italy
otlalya – Australia
utlena – Ukraine
yenkala – England; United Kindom
yolopa – Europe

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