Naua is a cursive or connective syllabic alphabet invented to write Kala. Naua is a decorative script for Kala and is adapted from Ajan, which was originally created around 2002 and inspired by Nüshu.

Notable features

  1. Type of writing system: quasi-featural as the shapes of the consonants and vowel diacritics are meant to relay phonetic information. For instance, all sounds pronounced with the lips (“labial” sounds) have some element in common.
  2. Direction of writing: vertically in columns running left to right.
  3. Number of symbols: 14 consonant syllables and 9 basic diacritics that can be combined in numerous ways.
  4. “Naua” means ‘rope; to tie’ in Kala and refers to the appearance of the script and its resemblance to a rope, or thread.


naua cons 2

Where ~ appears, it indicates free variation between phonemes.


naua vows 2

* Old version can be found: Frathwiki

Naua brush strokes

naua tatsu 4

Naua writing method

naua paka 4

  1. The graphemes for pa and ka.
  2. Combining these renders pak.
  3. Adding a koli, or “tail” renders paka.
  4. Diacritic marks for /e/ and /o/ render peko /ˈpeː.ko/.
  5. Marks the labialization of /p/; /ˈpʷaː.ki/
  6. Shows the palatalization of /k/ and demonstrates two diacritics on one glyph; /ˈpaː.kʲo/, pakyo.
  7. The nasalization mark is shown on the ka syllable to render /ˈpun.ka/ or /ˈpuŋ.ka/, punka.
  8. The nasalization mark is shown on the initial glyph and demonstrates two diacritics on one glyph; /ˈᵐpoː.ka/, mpoka.


Naua Kasi

kasi 4

The conventional link between glyphs does not always occur. There are eight constructions which use the koli to link glyphs that do not fit together in the standard way. When writing a word that begins with a vowel glyph that is followed by a na or nya, a koli is used instead of the zero consonant symbol. This is the only occasion that a koli will be marked with a vowel diacritic.

Naua numerals

naua uku 1

naua uku 2

Higher numbers in Naua

naua uku 4

In large numbers, elements are combined from largest to smallest, and zeros are implied [see example “302” above].



6 thoughts on “Naua

  1. Hi – I recently came across your blog and saw that you have created a vertical script for your conlang. It is truly beautiful! I have been working on a vertical script for a few years now. So far, I have only been able to handwrite my script since I don’t have a way to generate it on my computer. Do you have any resources to make this easier? How did you get your script to show up so nicely on your blog? Any help would be greatly appreciated.

    Happy conlanging!


    • Hello,
      You may or may not be disappointed to find out that I do almost all of my script work in MS paint. Occasionally I use GIMP 2.0 to generate transparency but that is for posting on forums and the like.
      The quickest and easiest way to get handwritten scripts online is with a scanner. Use printer paper to write/draw your script and then use a high quality scan of it to manipulate your images.
      Other than that I have very little technical advice to give you.
      Happy scripting.

      Liked by 1 person

  2. Hello! I am hungarian. I speak English poorly, sorry :)
    Kala is a very nice language. I am interested in it. I read and learned it here.
    Why did the posts disappeared?


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