ha ka’e mika ma’a uankatao anya
3SG toward scissors with eyeglass-pair look
He’s looking at a pair of scissors through [a pair of] binoculars.
nya nkoma haka ke anti siyo
BEN raise pants TOP suspender(s) use
You use suspenders to hold up your pants.
na iuankasamalo amenyahue tsumpaye
1SG PROX-eyeglass-sun-PL Germany-LOC buy-PST
I bought these sunglasses in Germany.
na mputsampa yeuaye
1SG cheese-many taste-PST
I’ve tasted many cheeses.
ke aya te palisa ma uenitsa nisapak
TOP beauty GEN Paris and Venice compare-POT-NEG
You can’t compare the beauties of Paris and Venice.
ke amenyatla kala kihya nayo
TOP Gemany-language language original 1SG.POSS
German is my original language.
na tiya nomo
1SG bread like
I like bread.
He is the chief of police.
na ke tsalahuetla ina nomok
1SG TOP sauce-peanut eat like-NEG
I don’t like eating peanut butter.
nam hakyo ka’ela
1PL school toward-MOT
We are going to school.
ke uatla nahe kuto munye tokunke
TOP that within math problem solve-NEG
That is an unsolved problem in mathematics.
ke poma pukahan nokoyempe
TOP apple rot-AUG-ADV remain-PST-LIM
Only a very rotten apple remained.
na ke naka pina ayan pesoye
1SG TOP woman be.intelligent beauty-ADV meet-PST
I met a beautifully intelligent woman.
ma’e nyahi a
nota pako nyatsatli
/maˈ?e ɲaˈɦi aː
noˈta paˈko ɲaːtʃaˈtɬi
before snow be
horizon fresh reveal-FUT
Before the snow comes
A new horizon will reveal itself
This is my hope
It may seem like a somewhat nerdy and pedantic issue, but with the new Star Trek series set to premiere at the beginning of 2017, I would like to take a moment to comment on the rank structure of Starfleet.
This is not an issue of design, or aesthetics, but rather an issue of accuracy and detail. This page describes continuity issues across the ST universe, including the nonsensical issues with Miles O’Brien. And the chaotic mistakes made during the first season of Voyager.
My (very passive) concern is that the new series will be so intensely focused on being fresh and entertaining, they will gloss over an issue that has been debated and picked apart for decades. As a US military veteran, I am very familiar with Naval ranks and how they apply to basic units and ships. That being said, I would very much like to see the writers and producers take the time to get it right from the beginning of the series. Firstly, there need to be enlisted. The sloppy way TNG handled having enlisted personnel, and the awkward way ENT tried to wedge in a few crewman in weirdly meaningless plot-lines…it’s all a bit off-putting.
I do not believe there need to be any retconning or ex post facto explanations. Simply put, establish early in the series that there are officers and enlisted and have ready the appropriate uniform rank insignia that allow for the addition or removal of any possible crew (actors). If we are to assume this series exists between TOS and TNG then we should assume that the crew will have either the ranks of either STVI or something similar to TNG. In either case, continuity will be a welcome change from the somewhat haphazard way this aspect has been dealt with.
The characteristics that make each language unique may actually be adaptations to the acoustics of different environments.
Language is a universal hallmark of humanity, but it sounds different in different parts of the world. On most Pacific islands and throughout Southeast Asia, words use more vowel sounds than consonants, and they’re spoken in simple syllables, made up of a vowel sound and a consonant or two. Meanwhile, Georgian, a language of the Caucasus Mountains, is heavy with consonants, often strung together into clusters, creating syllables too complex for many foreigners to pronounce. The physical surroundings of Georgians and Southeast Asians are just as varied as the words they use, and linguists say they’ve found a relationship between the types of sounds in a language and the climate and landscape in which it evolved.
Of course environment plays a role. Not just in sound, but in syntax and vocabulary. The native Hawaiians never needed a word for dog, nor did the Zulu need a word for volcano. What’s interesting is how intricately the environment can determine the sounds used.
nye hina kyo’alapua ka
reason here be.quiet-become-PFV Q
Why has this place gone quiet?
“Once More unto the Breach” (Star Trek: Deep Space Nine)
Savor the fruit of life, my young friends. The taste is sweet at first, but it turns bitter after a time. ~ Kor
ya pakonim kya ke punka asayo sika | ke matsua kue niha naye mula ehe tla nikalatli
VOC young-nice-PL IMP O fruit life-GEN savor | O taste like sweet during begin but 4sg be.bitter-become-FUT
This piece of music was key to my well-being just a few days ago. Perhaps it can serve a similar purpose in your life.